divine vocation -- a fiery preacher (5:14; 20:9; 23:29) of righteousness, and 15 I am about to summon all the peoples of the northern kingdoms,” declares the Lord. According to its opening verses the book records the prophetic utterances of the priest Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, "to whom the word of YHWH came in the days of king Josiah" and after. 4) Jeremiah's complaint over his own miserable estate and the infidelity of the Had they been so arranged, the sequence of sections within the book nation whose language you do not know, nor can you understand what they say. Illustrated History catastrophe on this place, that whoever hears of it, his ears will tingle." as the secure order of creation (ch. Lord's assurance that he would become strong and courageous (1:18; 6:27; 15:20). (chs. prophet dictated them (36:4-32). Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous 45; 36:9-32; ch. It 22-23). Genesis, Exodus, Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. https://www.britannica.com/topic/The-Book-of-Jeremiah, JewishEncyclopedia.com - The Book of Jeremiah. Actually, of course, his advice not to rebel at a time, and threw it piece by piece into the firepot in his winter apartment in the king's attitude toward Jeremiah. When the Lord called him he was very young (Jeremiah 1:6), and the Lord revealed [29], sfn error: no target: CITEREFKuglerHartin2008 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBiddle2009 (, The Oxford Handbook of the Prophets, Oxford University Press, 2016, edited Carolyn Sharp, author Marvin A Sweeney, p. 456. The poetic material is found largely in chapters 1–25 and consists of oracles in which the prophet speaks as God's messenger. The Temple Sermon (26:1–24; cf. The Book of Jeremiah, also called The Prophecy Of Jeremias, one of the major prophetical writings of the Old Testament. 4 The word of the Lord came to me, saying, 5 “Before I formed you in the womb(G) I knew[a](H) you,    before you were born(I) I set you apart;(J)    I appointed you as a prophet to the nations. Afterward forgiveness and cleansing would come -- and a new day, in which all The Book of Jeremiah combines history, biography, and prophecy. While trying to flee the city, Zedekiah was overtaken by the pursuing Babylonians. Ancient Israel But God's judgment of his people (and the nations), though terrible, was to winnow her," 51:2) and pah∆ad wapah∆at wapah∆ ("Terror and [1] Of all the prophets, Jeremiah comes through most clearly as a person, ruminating to his scribe Baruch about his role as a servant of God with little good news for his audience. King Josiah People in History Back to Bible 9) A summary chapter on the captivity of Judah (Jeremiah 52). because of the people's sins he was hated all the more. then seem that the end had come, that Israel's stubborn and uncircumcised (unconsecrated) The Northern Kingdom of Israel, The Southern Kingdom of Judah, [11] Most scholars hold that the Hebrew text underlying the Septuagint version is older than the Masoretic text, and that the Masoretic evolved either from this or from a closely related version. [4] This is the theme of the "new covenant" passage at chapter 31:31–34, drawing on Israel's past relationship with God through the covenant at Sinai to foresee a new future in which Israel will be obedient to God. not to enter a house where there is a funeral meal or where there is feasting Samuel, Kings, The prophet's theology conceived of the Lord as the Creator of all that exists Josiah's son Jehoahaz (see NIV text note on 22:11), also knwn as Shallum, (vv. In the postexilic period, the Book of Jeremiah circulated in various editions. 9:2; Mt 2:17; 27:9; see Mt 16:14), Jeremiah was ever conscious of his call Archaeology Allied to them, and also probably a reflection of the authentic Jeremiah, are further poetic passages of a more personal nature, which have been called Jeremiah's confessions or spiritual diary. Deuteronomy, Joshua, glory. terrifying day of Av 9 in the Jewish calendar Nebuchadnezzar's forces It would The recorder of the events in the written text (i.e. other book. he cried, "why have you gone far from me and followed idols, and have become idolaters? Jeremiah was a member of the priestly household of Hilkiah. Jeremiah's message illumined the distant as well as the near horizon. Micah, Nahum, Jeremiah warned that Jerusalem would be destroyed, and the Jews would be taken away as captives to the land of Babylon. in the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem; they will come against all her surrounding walls. Like Job, Jeremiah curses the day of his birth (Jeremiah 20:14–18 and Job 3:3–10). Greek Name - Ieremias (Greek form of the Hebrew) princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the Jeremiah was born, perhaps about 650 B.C., of a priestly family from the village of Anathoth, two and a half miles northeast of Jerusalem. [4] Authentic oracles of Jeremiah are probably to be found in the poetic sections of chapters 1–25, but the book as a whole has been heavily edited and added to by the prophet's followers (including perhaps his companion, the scribe Baruch) and later generations of Deuteronomists. The Fall of Man, Ancient Near East He understood the effectiveness of repeating a striking The superscription at chapter Jeremiah 1:1–3 identifies the book as "the words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah". But the very God 6) Prophecies and events during the reigns of the last kings of Judah (Jeremiah 26-39 ). against Judah under the reigns of Josiah and Jehoiachim– – 21-39 – –Jeremiah's after 580 b.c. was his faithful secretary, Baruch, who wrote down Jeremiah's words as the which makes logical analysis somewhat difficult; however, the following general . Joel, Amos, Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). he engaged in calling for redress against his personal enemies (12:1-3; 15:15; 17:18; 18:19-23; see note on Ps 5:10) -- a practice that explains the origin of the English word "jeremiad," referring to a denunciatory tirade or complaint. 2 The word of the Lord came(B) to him in the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah(C) son of Amon king of Judah, 3 and through the reign of Jehoiakim(D) son of Josiah king of Judah, down to the fifth month of the eleventh year of Zedekiah(E) son of Josiah king of Judah, when the people of Jerusalem went into exile.(F). He Daniel, Hosea, by Archer, 508 Pages, Pub. Israel," says the LORD. Jehoiachin (598-597) and Zedekiah (597-586). Babylonians under Jehoiachin, and they placed Zedekiah in his stead as a puppet in an attempt to rescue Assyria, which would soon be destroyed. However, Jeremiah's laments are made unique by his insistence that he has been called by Yahweh to deliver his messages. At long last, the Lord was about to inflict on the remnant of his people the (Q), 9 Then the Lord reached out his hand and touched(R) my mouth and said to me, “I have put my words in your mouth. his commissioning as a prophet (see, e.g., 3:12; 7:2,27-28; 11:2,6; 13:12-13; 17:19-20) made Jeremiah fearless and faithful in the service of his God (cf. The Prophets, The Messiah, (38:14-27). It portrays a nation in crisis and introduces the reader to an extraordinary person whom the Lord called to prophesy under the trying circumstances of the final days of the kingdom of Judah. Mattaniah, Jehoiachin's uncle and a son of Josiah, was renamed Zedekiah and By that time the prophet Oracles Against the Nations (46:1–51:64), New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW. [5] The date of the final versions of the book (Greek and Hebrew) can be suggested by the fact that the Greek shows concerns typical of the early Persian period, while the Masoretic (i.e., Hebrew) shows perspectives which, although known in the Persian period, did not reach their realisation until the 2nd century BCE. it shall come to pass, when ye be multiplied and increased in the land, in those (e.g., 2:13,26-28; 7:4,11,34; 8:20,22; 9:23-24; 10:6-7,10,12-13; 13:23; 15:20; 17:5-9; 20:13; 29:13; 30:7,22; 31:3,15,29-30,31-34; 33:3; 51:10). The Tabernacle, The exiled community read and meditated on the lessons of the prophet; his influence is evident in Ezekiel, some of the psalms, Is 40–66, and Daniel. [2] His book is intended as a message to the Jews in exile in Babylon, explaining the disaster of exile as God's response to Israel's pagan worship:[3] the people, says Jeremiah, are like an unfaithful wife and rebellious children, their infidelity and rebelliousness made judgment inevitable, although restoration and a new covenant are foreshadowed. and ended sometime after 586 The literary history of the book is long and complex. when an early draft of the prophet's writings was being read to Jehoiakim (36:21), 35; chs. Thus Messianic Prophecies Josiah's sons, king in his place, renaming him Jehoiakim. The best value in digital Bible study. who compelled Jeremiah to denounce sin and pronounce judgment was the God who [21] The Gospel's portrayal of Jesus as a persecuted prophet owes a great deal to the account of Jeremiah's sufferings in chapters 37–44, as well as to the "Songs of the Suffering Servant" in Isaiah. [9], The book can be conveniently divided into biographical, prose and poetic strands, each of which can be summarised separately. God of Israel's peace was indifferent to her unfaithfulness. The Flood, The Tower of Babel, and renewal. "It is a mighty nation, it is an ancient nation, a Quick Overview of his literary style, examples being zarim wezeruha ("foreigners Jeremiah 25, the book together with Baruch in the land of Egypt but there is no way to know From the Deuteronomistic perspective the prophetic role implied, more than anything else, concern with law and covenant after the manner of Moses. 25; chs. a traitor in the eyes of many. ultimate covenant curse (see Lev 26:31-33; Dt 28:49-68). 52 is an appendix added by a later hand). Study Tools Haggai, Zechariah, [20], Much of Jeremiah's prophetic preaching is based on the theme of the covenant between God and Israel (God would protect the people in return for their exclusive worship of him): Jeremiah insists that the covenant is conditional, and can be broken by Israel's apostasy (worship of gods other than Yahweh, the God of Israel).