[367] Additionally, the Washington Nationals, Boston Red Sox, and Cleveland Indians also have Single-A farm teams in Virginia. [38][39][40][41], The core Northern Virginia jurisdictions of Alexandria, Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William comprising a total population of 1,973,513 is highly educated, with 55.5 percent of its population 25 years or older holding a bachelor's degree or higher. Northern Virginia constitutes a considerable portion of the population and number of jurisdictions that comprise the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG). [338][339], Over the 20th century, Virginia shifted from a largely rural, politically Southern and conservative state to a more urbanized, pluralistic, and politically moderate environment. [74], Several European expeditions, including a group of Spanish Jesuits, explored the Chesapeake Bay during the 16th century. [280], In 2019, 91.5 percent of high school students graduated on-time after four years,[281] an increase of two percent from 2013,[282] and 89.3 percent of adults over the age 25 had their high school diploma. With high rates of heart disease and diabetes, African Americans in Virginia had an average life expectancy 4 years lower than whites and 12 years lower than Asian Americans and Latinos in 2017,[298] and were disproportionately affected by COVID-19 during the coronavirus pandemic. The Governor's Schools are a collection of more than 40 regional high schools and summer programs intended for gifted students. Virginia was 19th lowest among U.S. states in its number of premature deaths, with 6,914 per 100,000, and 24th with an infant mortality rate of 5.9 per 1,000 live births. The area continued to be more Democratic the closer it was to Washington, D.C., but Richmond resident Kaine was able to accomplish what Northern Virginian Mark Warner had been unable to do just four years earlier in 2001: carry Loudoun County and Prince William County (as well as win over 60 percent of the vote in Fairfax County). [100] Nevertheless, there is no serious secessionist movement.[101]. The largest and most well-known is George Mason University in Fairfax, the largest public university in Virginia. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D.C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the P… [93], A 2011 Washington Post poll found that 47 percent of Virginians favored the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 43 percent opposed it and 10 percent had no opinion. Since 2015 Democrats have flipped districts in the suburbs of Washington D.C in counties such as Stafford County, Prince William County, and Loudoun County. Stafford County actually topped the list with African-Americans in Stafford County making the highest amount on the list.[45]. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 159,627 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 155,205 people. It found 55 percent favored allowing same-sex couples to adopt children, while 35 percent opposed that and 10 percent had no opinion. [34] Hurricanes and tropical storms can occur from August to October, and though they typically impact coastal regions, the deadliest natural disaster in Virginia was Hurricane Camille, which killed over 150 people in 1969, mainly inland in Nelson County. [25] This infrastructure legacy is ongoing, as data center operators continue to expand near these facilities. Virginia voted to secede from the United States on April 17, 1861, after the Battle of Fort Sumter and Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers. While the state's Jewish population is small, organized Jewish sites date to 1789 with Congregation Beth Ahabah. [147], Literature in Virginia often deals with the commonwealth's extensive and sometimes troubled past. For more sports betting picks and tips, visit SportsbookWire.com. [24] Due to the area's geologic properties, the earthquake was felt from Northern Florida to Southern Ontario. [217][218] Commercial fishing supports 18,220 jobs as of 2020[update], while recreation fishing supports another 5,893. The region is carbonate rock based and includes Massanutten Mountain. [300] Mortality rates among white middle-class Virginians have also been rising, with drug overdose, suicide, and alcohol poisoning as leading causes. According to documents held by the Handley Regional Library of the Winchester–Frederick County Historical Society, the grants contained 5,282,000 acres (21,380 km2). [153] As of 2019[update], 9.6 percent of Virginia's total population describe themselves as Hispanic or Latino, and 6.9 percent as Asian. [331] The Supreme Court has seven justices who serve twelve-year terms, with a mandatory retirement age of 73. In the 1875 case of Phillips v. Payne, the Supreme Court held that Virginia had de facto jurisdiction over the area returned by Congress in 1847, and dismissed the tax case brought by the plaintiff. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. RICHMOND, Va. - Following orders from Gov. [234] The Smithsonian Institution divides Virginia into nine cultural regions. [16], Legal claim to the land was finally established by Lord Culpeper's grandson, Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, who became well known in the colony as "Lord Fairfax", in a survey authorized by Governor William Gooch in 1736. [82][circular reference] Also in Stafford County are historic places such as George Washington's boyhood home Ferry Farm[83][circular reference], Civil War headquarters and plantation Chatham Manor[84][circular reference], and artist Gari Melchers Home & Studio. . [7], The name "Northern Virginia" does not seem to have been used in the early history of the area. [351] Republicans, however, held a super-majority (68–32) of seats in the House of Delegates, which they had first gained in the 2011 state elections. [6] The state's Hispanic population rose by 92 percent from 2000 to 2010, with two-thirds of Hispanics in the state living in Northern Virginia. The entire Washington metropolitan area – all seventeen counties and seven cities in Maryland and Virginia, plus the District of Columbia – voted 1,958,562 ballots to 752,670 ballots (72 to 28 percent) for Clinton and Trump, respectively. [274], Public K–12 schools in Virginia are generally operated by the counties and cities, and not by the state. [70] Fictionalized stories about the early colony, in particular the story of Pocahontas and John Smith, first became popular in the period after the Revolutionary War, and together with other myths surrounding George Washington's childhood and plantation elite in the antebellum period became touchstones of Virginian and American culture and helped shape the state's historic politics and beliefs. Copyright 2020 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. She was 87. According to Virginia's Regional Cooperation Act, NVRC is a political subdivision (a government agency) within the Commonwealth. [158], Additionally, 0.5 percent of Virginians are American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.1 percent are Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. It also ranked Northbond I-95 from Spotsylvania County to the northern tip of Stafford County the seventh worst traffic hotspot in the nation.